Granite Stone Flooring
Granite is a form of stone formed from pockets of liquid magma that has been millions of years cooling slowly below the earth. Because it has evolved from a molten state, it is called igneous. It comprises large grains of minerals, typically quartz, feldspar and others that fit tightly together. Granite is available in virtually any color from pale pink and cream to jet black. It is also available in a mixture of colors. The coloring is determined by the mineral content continued in that particular type of stone. Granite has a mottled, coarse–grained appearance.
Granite is extremely hard stone, its strength deriving from the mineral grains formed during the slow cooling process. The stone polishes to a high gleam mirror–finish and is weather–resistant particularly to acid rain.
Granite has been used in building for several thousand years dating back to the Pyramids of Egypt believed to date back to the 26th century BC. Large granite temples in India and in some parts of South East Asia date back to the 11th century. Granite has a multitude of applications. For centuries it has been popularly used in stone monuments, statuary and in grave headstones.
In building today, granite is a popular choice for countertops and flooring. However it is commonly available in slabs and tiles though blocks can also be bought for special uses. Granite floors are one of the hardest, most durable medium of stone flooring currently available on the market. Granite flooring is available in slabs and tiles. Slabs can be of size up to 10’ x 6’. The common sizes of granite tiles are 2' x 1', 1' x1', 6" x 12" in a thickness of 3/8" or 10 mm.
Granite floors are an especially good choice for kitchens which are liable to heavy traffic, spillages and staining. It is resistant to acids and alkalis which gives granite a singular advantage. However, despite its hardness, granite can be scratched by quartz which is contained in sand particles that come on the soles of shoes. To maintain a granite floor it is advisable to ensure that it is sand and dust free with daily sweeping and mopping.
A granite tiled floor is not difficult to install, but the beauty lies in maintaining an absolute flatness which is largely contributed to by a perfect sub–floor. For this reason it advised to use the services of a professional flooring installer for your new granite floors.
Interlocking granite tiles are also available for use on decks. These snap into place over any even floor. A plastic mesh base locks adjacent tiles firmly without any adhesive or grout.