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The right underlayment can reduce sound transmission and provide proper support to your stone flooring. Some underlayments can also serve as a way to cover minor imperfections and serve as a leveling agent in the subfloor before installing your stone flooring. If you will be installing stone on top of existing flooring, you may also need an underlayment to achieve the required bonding. If you live in an area with unpredictable ground movement, purchase a crack suppression underlayment to protect your new floor.
Grout is an essential part of stone flooring installation as it fills the gaps between stone pieces. It not only provides the bond that holds everything together but it is also a part of finished appearance of your floor. There are two basic types of grout: sanded and non–sanded. Sanded grout is used when the grout joints are 1/8" or larger. Non–sanded grout, more common in stone installation, is used when the joints are smaller than 1/8".
You will also choose a grout color. The grout color can stand out and complement your stone, or be subtle and blend in. That is a personal preference. The original color of the grout may change over time even when well protected.
A protective sealer should be applied over most stone floors to prevent staining. When selecting your stone, check with both the manufacturer and the flooring professional for recommendations specific to your both stone and the rooms in which it will be installed. When sealer is recommended for a specific stone type, it provides additional stain and moisture resistance by sealing a stone's porous surface. Sealer also protects the original color and beauty of the stone.
A thin layer of cement based adhesive that is spread onto a surface which tile is then laid into.
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