Where can concrete floors be installed?
Concrete floors are very versatile and can be installed in many areas both inside and outdoors. Common areas are bathrooms, bedrooms, living rooms, porches, pool decks, and so on. Depending on the concrete mixture, it can be installed above, below, or on grade over solid concrete or wooden subfloors.
Can concrete flooring be installed with a radiant floor heating system?
Yes, concrete is actually one of the best types of flooring to use with a radiant floor heating system. However, the flooring installation should be coordinated with the installation of the radiant heating as often times it is actually laid in the concrete.
How are stencils used to decorate concrete flooring?
Stencils are applied over concrete, leaving some areas covered and some exposed. The exposed areas are then treated a number of different ways to apply a color or texture. A dye, stain or other coloring material can be broadcast over the area or a texture may by imprinted with a skin or a tool similar to a paint roller
What are the different ways to add color to concrete flooring?
Color can be applied integrally or on the surface of concrete flooring. Integral color is mixed into the wet concrete either at the factory or before pouring at the site of installation. Surface color is broadcast over wet concrete that has already been laid. It is usually a powder, stain, or colored chips.
What are the different ways to add texture to concrete flooring?
Texture can be added to wet concrete in many different ways. Small stones or other aggregates can be laid in the surface. Salt water pellets or another dissolving material can be pressed into the surface and then dissolved, leaving holes or craters. A skin, stencil, stamp, spiked roller or other type of tool can also be used to imprint a design, texture, or pattern.
What is the purpose of a slump test and how is it done?
A slump test is done to determine the consistency or workability of fresh concrete. Fresh concrete is put in a cone and leveled off. The cone is placed down on a surface and then removed, leaving the concrete unsupported. The concrete can then flow away from the base. The distance it flows is considered the slump.
What weather conditions should I be aware of when installing concrete floors outside?
Installing concrete flooring outdoors can be very tricky. Extreme temperatures, wind, and humidity can all cause problems with the drying and hardening of concrete. The temperature of the concrete should not fall below 40°F, and it should not be allowed to freeze. Concrete can often be made with hot water or protected with blankets to prevent this.
How are concrete floors installed?
Concrete floors sometimes come in pre-hardened slabs, but more often are installed and allowed to dry on site. Once laid, the fresh or hardened concrete is often grooved, textured, or colored.
Is concrete flooring recommended for a self-installer?
Generally, no. Concrete flooring installation is a very detailed and precise process. Improper subfloor or concrete mixture preparation can lead to a number of issues. Concrete will not harden properly in climates that are too cold, hot, or windy. Also, applying color or texture correctly can be very difficult and a number of special tools are needed, which can make self-installation very costly.