Vinyl is made entirely of synthetic material, while linoleum is completely natural. It is generally believed that linoleum is less harmful to the environment for this reason. However, more recent research conducted by the U.S. Department of Commerce's National Institute of Standards and Technology has shown that the manufacture, installation and life-time use of vinyl actually has a lower or equal negative impact on the environment when compared to linoleum. Linoleum is 100% recyclable, known to be antibacterial, hypoallergenic, and antistatic. Vinyl tends to be less expensive and more DIY friendly. Clearly both vinyl and linoleum have positive and negative aspects.