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cork glossary

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Sand Screen

A product used with a buffer to sand a wood floor before sealing or recoating it. It ranges from 40-240 grit which is very fine to very coarse.


A finish that appears to have a soft sheen.


Indentations or breaks caused by abrasive friction.

Screen and Coat

A process of resurfacing the floor where it is lightly sanded and a new coat of finish is applied.

Scuff Mark

The scratch-like damage that occurs when walking without lifting your feet or sliding objects across a floor.


A coat that is applied to the surface of a floor before applying finish or other coats which prevents them from being absorbed into the flooring itself. Also may be applied as a final finishing step to a flooring surface to add protection and moisture resistance.

Sealer-Wax Finish

A finish that is made of a sealer, usually varnish, combined with a wax.


When two or more parts of a mixture are broken up into their individual parts.


When pigment or another solid ingredient separates from the film of a finish or other material and settles to the bottom.


Used to refer to the degree of darkness or lightness of a color. Often described as a light, medium or dark shade.


A covering placed over the exterior studding or rafters in a structure.

Sheen (Cork)

The amount of luster a surface has.


A tongue and groove system used on the sides of strips and planks so that when butted together, the tongue of one piece fits into the groove of the next piece.


The film that rises to the surface when a finishing material dries.


Usually a 2" x 4" glued to a concrete subfloor which either a wooden subfloor or new flooring is nailed to.

Slip Resistance

A measurement of the frictional resistance of an object from moving across a surface.


A small strip inserted in a groove when the installer wants to reverse the direction of the wood they are installing. This results in two grooves butting up and this strip acts as a tongue for both grooves.

Square Edge

An square edge that does not contain a tongue or groove.

Square Joint

Flooring that does not have a beveled or eased edge.

Squaring Up

Making sure the first row of flooring is parallel and perpendicular to the walls to ensure that the rest of the flooring is as well.


The ability of an object to not have a reaction to forces or other variations applied to it.

Stapled Down

A flooring installation method that uses staples to affix the flooring to the subfloor.

Stop Mark

A mark left on the floor as a result of a drum or belt sander being left too long without moving.

Strip Flooring

Flooring sold in various thicknesses and widths, usually less than 3" wide.


A waxy material which is the key component in the makeup of the cells in cork and is responsible for the moisture resistance of cork flooring. Suberin is also what makes cork insect resistant and adds a level of fire resistance.


The base floor of a structure on top of which the flooring is installed. Typically this is made of wood or concrete.


The surface that the flooring is installed on, generally the subfloor.


The exterior layer of flooring, and the area that you see and walk on.

Surface Drying

When a coating dries on top but may still be soft inside.

Surface Tension

A property of the surface of a liquid that causes it to behave as an elastic membrane.

Swedish Finish

A finish usually applied after installation that contains an acid curing conversion varnish. This type of finish is very resistant to stains, water and spots.