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vinyl

vinyl glossary

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A
Adhere

The act of one material attaching to another.

Aluminum Oxide

A type of finish used on flooring that is considered to be the most durable and scratch resistant.

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B
Backing (Vinyl)

A backing is the bottommost layer of the flooring. It sits on the subfloor or underlayment.

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C
Calender

A continuous sheet of flooring that is made by being pressed between rollers.

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D
Decorative Layer

A term used in floors with printed designs such as laminate and vinyl. It refers to the decorative layer or high-resolution image printed on the surface of the floor that gives it its appearance.

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F
Floating Floor Installation

A common flooring installation method where the floor floats on an underlayment and is hooked together in a tongue and groove mechanism. Glue is sometimes used in the seams of the tongue and groove but the flooring is not attached to the subfloor. It is held down around the perimeter of the wall by the base molding

Full Spread

An installation method where the adhesive is spread over the entire subfloor before flooring is laid.

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I
Impact Load

Weight produced from momentary pressure such as walking or dropping objects. It is measured in pounds per square inch.

Inlay

A design method that involves inserting flooring with different colors, patterns, grains, or textures to create a border, feature strip, or design.

Inner Core

The center of a piece of flooring which often provides its structural durability.

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L
Linoleum

A type of flooring that is made by oxidizing linseed oil, which is mixed with fine plant materials such as ground cork, pine resin, and wood flour and laid on a jute fibre backing.

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P
Perimeter Adhered

An installation method where the flooring is only adhered to the perimeter of the room and at the seams.

Post-Consumer Recycled Content

Products that have been recycled from waste after consumer use.

Post-Industrial Recycled Content

Products that have been recycled from waste after industrial use.

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R
Reagent

A chemical or other substance that is consumed in a chemical reaction.

Resilient (Vinyl)

Refers to flooring that is elastic, flexible, or has "give". Types of resilient flooring include vinyl, cork, and linoleum.

Rolling Loads

Weight created when you roll something across a floor on wheels. The weight of the object bears on the wheels, making it a rolling load.

Rotogravure

A manufacturing process where a design is imprinted on a core layer using rotating cylinders. The design is then covered by a wear layer.

Rubber

A material that is extremely elastic, durable, and resistant to shock, moisture, and electricity conduction.

Rubber Flooring

A type of flooring that is extremely durable and elastic. It is also resistant to shock and moisture and will not conduct electricity. It is warm to the touch and quiet when walked on.

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S
Seam Sealer

A product used to seal the crack where two pieces of flooring come together. In carpet this will help prevent unraveling at the seams.

Seams

The cracks where tiles, planks, or strips of flooring come together.

Static Loads

Weight from a heavy object that remains stationary on your floor for an extended period of time.

Subfloor

The base floor of a structure on top of which the flooring is installed. Typically this is wood or concrete.

Substrate

The surface that the flooring is installed on. Generally the subfloor.

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V
Vinyl

A type of flooring made of polyvinyl chloride or PVC, a special type of plastic, which comes in sheet rolls in 6' and 12' widths or tiles in many different sizes.

Vinyl Composition Tiles

Vinyl flooring that comes in square, rectangular, or other geometrically shaped tiles which can be used to create patterns and designs.

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W
Wear Layer

The top layer of flooring that is walked on and seen.

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