Pull back the old carpet in your home and, surprise… old wood floors! Condition is good overall but in need of cleaning?
What’s the most cost effective way to get the hardwood flooring looking good? How can residue, left by the carpet pad or
backing, be removed? Is this a DIY project? Will messy sanding and finishing be required? Does a flooring professional need
to be hired?
All good questions! To determine your best action plan, you must know the type of finish that is on your hardwood floor.
Though most wood floors installed prior to 1970 are finished with wax while most installed after that have been finished with
urethane, this is a generalization so don't rely on age alone to determine the type of finish. Here’s a simple test to
conduct...Put a drop of water on the floor and let it dry. If the spot dries into a white, pasty color you are dealing with a
Wax finish on your floor. If the spot leaves just a watermark and does not discolor the wood then you are dealing with
To decide if your hardwood floors need to be completely sanded and refinished or simply cleaned and polished, take a broad
look at your floor. Do you see grey streaks in the wood? If you do, consider a sand & finish job done by a local
professional. The wood gets its grey color where the finish has worn completely. Sanding is the only way to bring back the
natural wood color in these areas. If you are pleased with the overall appearance of your floor except for the dull finish
and carpet pad markings, then a cleaning & finishing is all it needs. Follow one of the following sets of instructions
depending on the type of finish on your wood floor - wax or urethane. Both processes can be done as DIY projects with
Waxed wood floors should be treated with a one-product process that waxes and cleans. Wood floors that have a light or
natural finish will do well with Bruce Lite 'n' Natural Liquid Paste Wax with Cleaner. For a dark wood floor
use Bruce Dark 'n' Rich Liquid Paste Wax with Cleaner.
To get started you'll need to rent or purchase a buffer machine. Large, heavy weight buffing machines will produce a
higher sheen than small lightweight machines so choose the buffer based on your desired results and your ability to maneuver
this piece of equipment. Before getting started with the wax, sweep, vacuum or dust mop the floor to remove all loose dirt.
Loose particles left on the hardwood floor will scratch the wood and become ground into the floor’s surface marring the
results. Apply the Liquid Paste Wax with Cleaner and buff. When the job is complete be sure to allow enough drying time
before walking on the floor. High humidity climates may require more drying time than standard. The surface should be dry,
not tacky, when it’s ready for traffic. To maintain the waxed wood floor, sweep frequently with a soft bristle broom and wipe
up spills immediately. Small soils can be cleaned using a Bruce Scrub Pad with a small amount of "Bruce Lite 'n' Natural"
Liquid Paste Wax with Cleaner or "Bruce Dark 'n' Rich" Liquid Paste Wax with Cleaner, then buff with a clean cloth. Repeat
the waxing/buffing process every 6 months to a year. Never use water or water-based cleaners on a waxed wood floor because it
will damage the finish.
Urethane wood floors require a completely different process. No machines required. Start with the Bona X Ultimate Hardwood
Floor Care System & Refresher Kit. This kit contains refresher with applicator pad, spray cleaner and wood floor mop with
covers. The directions on the box will take you through step by step. Thoroughly sweep the floor before getting started and
use the water-based, non-toxic spray cleaner before applying Refresher. Apply spray cleaner to one small area, 4’x6’, at a
time, mopping with the grain of the wood, applying pressure on the mop to remove stuck on dirt. If your floor feels sticky
after mopping then you haven’t rubbed enough with the mop or you’ve sprayed too large an area and the cleaner dried before
being mopped thoroughly. Just go over the area again to clean. Apply the Refresher the same way, one small area at a time and
stay with the grain of the wood. Allow enough drying time after applying the Refresher, keeping in mind that more humid
conditions may require longer than standard drying time.
To maintain your Urethane wood floors on a regular basis, use a water-based, non-toxic cleaner. Bona (New & Improved
Professional Series) Hardwood Floor Cleaner (a 32 oz bottle is included in the Refresher Kit) or Basic Squeaky –Wood and
Laminate Floor Cleaner will both do a great job. Each of these liquid cleaners is available in a range of sizes. It is
convenient to have a 32 oz refillable spray bottle of the cleaner and economical to buy the gallon for refilling your spray
bottle. You’ll need a wood floor mop with microfiber cover (Bona includes this in their Refresher Kit), available from both
lines of product, Bona X Swedish Microfiber Mop Package or Basic Squeaky Clean Floor Care System.
Wood Refresher can be used on your urethane wood floors every six months to a year depending on the amount of traffic your
floor gets and how often you sweep and mop. When the finish starts to look dull, the refresher actually fills minor scratches
and allows light to reflect on the floor as a flat surface again giving it a brighter appearance.
If your goal is to completely change the gloss or sheen on your urethane wood floor, such as matte to high–gloss,
call a professional. The existing finish will need to be screened and coated to change the sheen level and this is not
typically a DIY project.
Important Note for ALL types of wood floors: Protect your wood floor from dents and scratches created by furniture sitting
or moving on the floor by applying floor protectors to the feet and base of all furniture. Equinox makes pads and glides in
many shapes and sizes to fit all types of furniture.
Enjoy your newly discovered hardwood floors!